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You are in Home >> Exams >> Syllabus: Primary, Final & FCARCSI

Irish Syllabus: Physics & measurement

Created: 20/4/2004

Mathematical concepts; relationships & graphs

Concepts of exponential functions & logarithms; wash-in, wash-out, tear away
Basic measurement; linearity, drift, hysteresis, signal to noise ratio, static and dynamic response
SI units; fundamental & derived
Other units relevant to anaesthesia, e.g. mmHg, bar etc
Mass, force, work & power
Freezing, boiling, melting points, latent heat, conduction, convection, radiation
Laws of thermodynamics
Measurement of temperature and humidity

Colligative properties, osmometry
Physics of gases & vapours
Absolute & relative pressures
Gas laws; triple point, critical temperature & pressure
Density & viscosity of gases
Vapour pressure
Saturated vapour pressure

Basic concepts of electricity & magnetism
Resistance, capacitance, inductance, impedance
Amplifiers; bandwidth, filters, A/D & D/A conversion
Amplification of  biological potentials; ECG, EMG, EEG
Sources of and methods of reducing electrical interference
Measurement of neuromuscular blockade
Processing, storage and display of physiological measurements
Bridge circuits
Principles of pressure transducers
Resonance, damping and frequency response
Units of pressure
Direct and indirect methods of blood pressure measurement
Principles of pulmonary artery and wedge pressure measurement
Cardiac output measurement by Fick principle
Cardiac output measurement by thermodilution
Other methods of measuring cardiac output
Basic principles of ultrasound and the Doppler effect

Principles of cardiac pacemakers
Principles of defibrillators
Basic principles and safety of lasers
Electrical safety
Electrical hazards; causes and prevention
Electrocution, fires and explosions
Diathermy and its safe use
Newtonian & non-newtonian fluids
Laminar & turbulent flow
Poiseuille’s equation
Bernoulli principle
Measurement of volume and flow in gases and liquids
Principles of surface tension
Pneumotachograph and other respirometers
Measurement of gas and vapour concentrations (of  O2, CO2, N2O, volatile agents) using spectroscopy, paramagnetic analyser, fuel cells, oxygen electrode and mass spectrometry
Measurement of pH, pCO2, pO2
Measurement of CO2 production/oxygen consumption/respiratory quotient
Simple pulmonary function tests; peak flow, spirometry
Pulse oximetry
Physical principles underlying anaesthetic machine function; pressure regulators, flowmeters, vaporisers, breathing systems
Detection and prevention of  delivery of low PO2 gas mixture
Detection of gas supply failure
Chemistry of CO2 absorption compounds
Principles of lung ventilators
Disconnection monitors

Manufacture and storage of O2, N2O, CO2, compressed air
Pipeline and suction systems
Gas cylinders
Minimum monitoring requirements
Pre-use checks of anaesthetic machine, breathing systems and monitoring apparatus
Airways, laryngeal masks, tracheal tubes, tracheostomy tubes, emergency airways
Fixed and variable performance oxygen therapy equipment
Self-inflating bags

Function and use of resuscitation equipment
Transfusion devices
Humidification devices
Environmental control in the operating theatre; temperature, humidity, air changes, scavenging systems

Measurement of pain
Characteristics of IV cannulae, central lines, pulmonary artery catheters, arterial cannulae and  setting up associated monitoring connections
Characteristics of spinal and epidural needles

The content of the anaesthetic record

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