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Final basic sciences short case 20

Created: 13/9/2011
1. How can the eye be damaged during surgery?
- How can you prevent this?
- What diseases put the eye at risk during surgery?
- Draw a diagram of the eye.
- What is the canal of Schlemm, and why is it important?
- What muscles are attached to the eye?
- Describe the innervation of the eye.

2. Give a definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
- What are the phases of ARDS?
- How does it affect the lungs?
- What causes it?
- How does it affect ventilation?
- How would you ventilate someone with ARDS?
- What can this ventilation strategy do?

3. What are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)?
- How do they work?
- Why is cyclo-oxygenase (COX) important?
- Where are COX-1 and -2 found?
- What does COX-1 do?
- Describe the different types of NSAIDs.
- What problems are associated with NSAIDs?

4. A woman presents for assessment with shortness of breath.
- What are the causes of shortness of breath?
- How would you investigate it?
- What do each of these investigations measure?
- What is cardiopulmonary exercise testing?
- How is it done?
- What values are important?
- How does it affect predicted mortality?

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